Sustainability and urban areas seem at odds and incompatible. Do we have any choice to accept this proposition?
Cities are the centres of finance and innovation, of cheap manufactured products and mindless consumption, of unprecedented wealth and increasing inequality. They have stopped functioning within the limits of the environment. The huge scale increase of megacities and urban regions over the last century has turned their impacts global. While urban areas are swelling, global environmental conditions are reaching new extremes of degradation. These are problems we cannot escape – whether it be environmental, social or economic.